For those folks that are new to photography- A 帧 is an object placed within your photograph that “frames” the main subject. Think of a picture 帧. We use a picture 帧 to accentuate the picture or painting within it. A 帧 in composition works the same way. In landscape photography, a 帧 could typically be a tree, tree limbs, rocks, a fence, or a building. The main prerequisite in the use of a 帧 is that it supports 主题. It directs the viewer's eyes to where YOU want them to go.
Frames can be found in nature, 创造d 通过 the photographer on location, or 创造d in post-production.
Here are some examples and tips on how you can incorporate 帧s into your own work!
A basic, (and important), use of a 帧 is to establish depth. 通过 placing an object, or objects, of a relatively known size close to the camera, it accentuates the vast landscape beyond it. This is one of the simplest ways to give your landscape photographs a feeling of depth!
通过 placing a 帧 on either side of your landscape photograph, you get two benefits! First, you're adding depth (as previously described), but you're also forcing the viewer's eyes into the center of the photograph; almost as a “tunnel effect”. Part of your job as a landscape photographer is to seek out elements that you can use as a 帧- while at the same time making sure that your framing elements don't overwhelm 主题 matter in the background.
Suppose you've stumbled upon a beautiful scene but there is no natural 帧 available? Or perhaps what is available isn't particular appealing. You could “create” a 帧 using the time-proven technique of a vignette. This could be accomplished in-camera through the use of filters, or, it might be easier to control and fine-tune using post-production software. The nice thing about incorporating a vignette (as a 帧) is that you can apply it to just about any situation, and you don't have to make that decision immediately.
Another possibility is to incorporate the 帧 so that it becomes part of 主题! This photograph uses one natural object to 帧 another natural object. It works well because of a similar color and texture. Do you think this would work as well if the object in the foreground were an unnatural object or a vastly different color? Probably not. The reason being that the 帧 would be too large, and dominant, compared to the landscape behind it. Evaluate your use of a 帧 carefully. Does it add, or does it detract, from the landscape behind it?
A major advantage to adding a 帧 is the additional contrast it provides. Haze can be a major issue in landscape photography. Haze can be 创造d 通过 atmospheric conditions, weather, or even pollution. The result is that everything beyond a certain distance looks washed out. 通过 adding a 帧, especially one that is in silhouette, you'll bring some important contrast back into your image. This also adds to the feeling of depth. Even though we don't 通常 think about it, we are used to seeing distant objects through haze. 通过 adding the contrast back into the equation, the resulting photograph will mimic out natural vision.
Introducing a man-made object to 帧 your landscape photo can be quite successful. The use of a doorway, window, or other structure forces the eyes through to the background beyond. It can also establish a sense of place or mood. This photograph does an excellent job of using the 帧 for all these benefits. Not only does the viewer enjoy the landscape, but they get a strong sense of the place where the picture was taken. That sense of place would be lacking without the window.
通过 亚辛·哈桑（Yasin Hassan）– ياسين حسن，在Flickr上
Adding a 帧 can also add to the story. This image has a spectacular sunset in the background, but if you remove the feet, it becomes somewhat ho-hum. The feet, which 帧 the background, are definitely a major part of the story; remove either the feet or the background and neither image is as strong. When searching for a 帧, don't just pick anything that's available, try to make it relevant to the story you're telling.
You can also choose to make the 帧, “the subject” of your landscape photograph. This photographer chose to do just that. Remove the metal 帧work from your mind and then look at the image behind it. Is it pretty? Yeah, kind of. But it's definitely lacking something. 通过 incorporating the metal 帧work, the photographer has 创造d a picture within a picture. This won't be your most common use of a 帧; but don't rule it out. Some day it might be the perfect solution to one of your landscape photographs!
- 2. A 帧 can force the viewer's eyes into the photograph
- 3. Your 帧 should compliment the main subject; but not overwhelm it
- 4. Look for 帧s that help tell your story
- 5. A 帧 can be natural, man-made, or 创造d in post
- 6. The 帧 can be a part of 主题
- 7. The 帧 can be 主题