取景如何增强风景照片

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拍摄美丽的风景是一项涉及我们所有人的活动。无论是在后院,还是在山脉中跋涉,令人叹为观止的风景总是值得捕捉的。但是,有时这些照片可能令人失望,因为它们无法准确地描绘出我们所目睹的一切。有许多因素可导致这一困境,但主要的罪魁祸首是组成。不使用合成工具,雄伟的山脉看上去会平坦而不那么雄伟。制作精美风景照的另一个困难是情况的不可预测性。天气如何?对于不同的观点,我们将有什么途径?作为摄影师,我们经常需要即时选择构图。一种易于使用的工具,“generally”随时可用,并且与风景照片完美配合-是“frame”。今天,我们将讨论构图如何增强风景照片。

For those folks that are new to photography- A 帧 is an object placed within your photograph that “frames” the main subject. Think of a picture 帧. We use a picture 帧 to accentuate the picture or painting within it. A 帧 in composition works the same way. In landscape photography, a 帧 could typically be a tree, tree limbs, rocks, a fence, or a building. The main prerequisite in the use of a 帧 is that it supports 主题. It directs the viewer's eyes to where YOU want them to go.

Frames can be found in nature, 创造d 通过 the photographer on location, or 创造d in post-production.

Here are some examples and tips on how you can incorporate 帧s into your own work!

http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3198/3039346773_9c3cdd006c_z.jpg

远景

通过 尼古拉斯,在Flickr上

A basic, (and important), use of a 帧 is to establish depth. 通过 placing an object, or objects, of a relatively known size close to the camera, it accentuates the vast landscape beyond it. This is one of the simplest ways to give your landscape photographs a feeling of depth!

http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3273/3048526547_166cf3b409_z.jpg

盆地

通过 尼古拉斯,在Flickr上

通过 placing a 帧 on either side of your landscape photograph, you get two benefits! First, you're adding depth (as previously described), but you're also forcing the viewer's eyes into the center of the photograph; almost as a “tunnel effect”. Part of your job as a landscape photographer is to seek out elements that you can use as a 帧- while at the same time making sure that your framing elements don't overwhelm 主题 matter in the background.

http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2195/2116397790_8fe9ca5c44_z.jpg

周围

通过 本·弗雷德里克森(xjrlokix),在Flickr上

Suppose you've stumbled upon a beautiful scene but there is no natural 帧 available? Or perhaps what is available isn't particular appealing. You could “create” a 帧 using the time-proven technique of a vignette. This could be accomplished in-camera through the use of filters, or, it might be easier to control and fine-tune using post-production software. The nice thing about incorporating a vignette (as a 帧) is that you can apply it to just about any situation, and you don't have to make that decision immediately.

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8077/8391222936_3a6a5000e5_z.jpg

裱框

通过 katsrcool(酷猫摄影),在Flickr上

Another possibility is to incorporate the 帧 so that it becomes part of 主题! This photograph uses one natural object to 帧 another natural object. It works well because of a similar color and texture. Do you think this would work as well if the object in the foreground were an unnatural object or a vastly different color? Probably not. The reason being that the 帧 would be too large, and dominant, compared to the landscape behind it. Evaluate your use of a 帧 carefully. Does it add, or does it detract, from the landscape behind it?

http://farm9.staticflickr.com/8426/7758832526_cc8f681e48_z.jpg

从树上冒出来的晨雾

通过 一个拍照的家伙,在Flickr上

A major advantage to adding a 帧 is the additional contrast it provides. Haze can be a major issue in landscape photography. Haze can be 创造d 通过 atmospheric conditions, weather, or even pollution. The result is that everything beyond a certain distance looks washed out. 通过 adding a 帧, especially one that is in silhouette, you'll bring some important contrast back into your image. This also adds to the feeling of depth. Even though we don't 通常 think about it, we are used to seeing distant objects through haze. 通过 adding the contrast back into the equation, the resulting photograph will mimic out natural vision.

http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3120/3200130572_c8314fa3a1_z.jpg

透过窗户

通过 美洲虎Tambako,在Flickr上

Introducing a man-made object to 帧 your landscape photo can be quite successful. The use of a doorway, window, or other structure forces the eyes through to the background beyond. It can also establish a sense of place or mood. This photograph does an excellent job of using the 帧 for all these benefits. Not only does the viewer enjoy the landscape, but they get a strong sense of the place where the picture was taken. That sense of place would be lacking without the window.

http://farm5.staticflickr.com/4037/4431896656_56d2908af7_z.jpg

星期日意味着聚会

通过 亚辛·哈桑(Yasin Hassan)– ياسين حسن,在Flickr上

Adding a 帧 can also add to the story. This image has a spectacular sunset in the background, but if you remove the feet, it becomes somewhat ho-hum. The feet, which 帧 the background, are definitely a major part of the story; remove either the feet or the background and neither image is as strong. When searching for a 帧, don't just pick anything that's available, try to make it relevant to the story you're telling.

http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7093/8731360637_8e8bb9f136_z.jpg

摄影作品集#2795

通过 PhoTones_TAKUMA,在Flickr上

You can also choose to make the 帧, “the subject” of your landscape photograph. This photographer chose to do just that. Remove the metal 帧work from your mind and then look at the image behind it. Is it pretty? Yeah, kind of. But it's definitely lacking something. 通过 incorporating the metal 帧work, the photographer has 创造d a picture within a picture. This won't be your most common use of a 帧; but don't rule it out. Some day it might be the perfect solution to one of your landscape photographs!

http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3489/5817689799_2a6de93dfb_z.jpg

荷兰伯恩特伯恩特

通过 蒂姆·莫法特,在Flickr上

这位摄影师还选择了在图片中创建图片的创造性解决方案。但是,他们在后期制作中做到了。这里的重点-您有很多选择!

请牢记这些要点。

  • 1.框架增加深度
  • 2. A 帧 can force the viewer's eyes into the photograph
  • 3. Your 帧 should compliment the main subject; but not overwhelm it
  • 4. Look for 帧s that help tell your story
  • 5. A 帧 can be natural, man-made, or 创造d in post
  • 6. The 帧 can be a part of 主题
  • 7. The 帧 can be 主题

祝您一切顺利!

关于作者

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肯特(Kent)是我们的偶尔撰稿人,并且还处理每周的“每周图片”竞赛。自1974年以来,他一直从事摄影工作,您可以 在这里更了解他

感谢您的出色解释。通过实验我了解到,当我将物体靠近相机时,风景图像会有所改善,但我不知道建立深度是为什么。

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